|Ecological balance and bio-diversity|
Biological Farming & Biodiversity
Waterland research was carried out from 1995 and opened up to go for agriculture without use or limited use of chemicals which not destroy or pollute the environment. Effective solutions were found by our research scientists as example to create plant crop varieties resistant to insect attack. Our major program from our plant breeders are too develop plants which are resistant to attack of insects and/or diseases, but also by promoting and using biological agro-forestry farming methodologies in were we preserving bio-diversity and maintaining Eco balance are one of our solutions. Fact is that in nature there exist about 11,000 insects, viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, rickettsia and nematodes that parasitize harmful insects that can control insect pests. Furthermore the use of domesticated predators, parasites, frogs, spiders, etc., can kill also the harmful insects. Back to nature eco-balance is Waterland motto and solutions we promote to our farmers. As this was nature way for many billions of years to manage planet nature, until mankind has entrance the new industrialization modernization era and starting changing nature sensitive Eco balance.
Scientists of FAO reported that only 0,5 % of the whole insect population on earth are harmful ones. Majority of the insects are friendly ones which are also needed for natural pollination as well for many other surrounding living plants to preserve bio-diversity. So for destroying the 0,5% minority harmful insects, when poisons are used vigorously, it mostly result in the destruction of many other beneficial insects and also indirect to bio-diversity. Where the harmful targeted insects in this way become resistant to the chemical pesticide, they start growing much faster than the friendly ones, due to the absence of the pest controlling insects and other natural predators as result of the damage to the sensitive ecological balance. On the long run, damage to the food-crop under such situation, becomes faster and more than estimated from the beginning. In fact, to today’s knowledge, more than 500 harmful insects’ species are already become resistant to all today available known insecticides. One more reason why we should restore the natural ecological balance by using a well-planned bio-pesticide integrated pest management rather than chemical pesticides.
Waterland operate a sound soil enhancement policy and ensure strict crop rotation on inter-cropped plants to ensure soil health and fertility. As land is reforestation land in need to meet Forest Stewardship Council criteria for sustainability, all fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides have to be wholly biological. Waterland ensure this, using locally produced bio-fertilizer and distributing it to farmers and ensuring that it is deployed properly. The consequence is that farmer's cash crop produce, comprising fruits, spices, herbs and vegetables, are all biologicalally grown.
Waterland provides technology to utilize the Jatropha seed cake and other energy crop biomass waste for the production of fertilizer, biogas, animal feed and energy pellets. The energy pellets are returned to the community to burn in special stoves which helps to solve the community's energy requirements and further reduce the need to cut down forest trees to fuel the stoves. Where Waterland projects have been established, deforestation has decreased up to 90% and the improvement in the living standards of the farmers is very visible as they upgrade their homes from wooden shacks to wooden framed houses to brick homes.